New LGA research released today shows more than three-quarters of councils did not receive enough government money to create the extra school places needed in their area between 2011/12 and 2016/17. To make sure no child has been left without a place, councils borrowed money, used cash earmarked for other building programmes or created places with money intended to be spent on renovating crumbling school buildings and classrooms.
The LGA research lays bare the scale of the problem in funding for school places, which council leaders say is too big to be effectively funded at a local level. Instead, councils are calling for government to fully-fund this national black hole. The LGA is also calling for the Government to hand back the full set of powers needed to fulfil this statutory duty.
In some areas of England, particularly in London and the south-east, changing demographics and an increased birth rate have led to particular pressures on school places. Last year, councils created an additional 90,000 primary places, but LGA analysis revealed a further 130,000 would still be needed by 2017/18, while 80,716 new secondary places will be needed by 2019/2020.
Going to extraordinary lengths to ensure there is a place for every child, councils have added extra classes, using temporary buildings and in one case even put a playground on a roof. Through collaboration with all schools in the area councils have created thousands of school places, but more are still needed.
The LGA asked councils if cash provided by the Department for Education had met the full cost of providing school places between 2011/12 and 2016/17. Some 77 per cent of respondents said the money had not been enough. These councils got money from a range of sources including:
- 38 per cent borrowed money
- 67 per cent used money from developers
- 22 per cent took money from other building programmes
- 50 per cent used cash from other school capital programmes, such as school building maintenance
- The London Borough of Ealing has added £129m to its government funding for school places. This includes £114m from prudential borrowing, £11m of funding from other capital budgets and £4m from partnership, Section 106 and revenue funding
- The London Borough of Hillingdon has added £114 million to its government funding for school places: £92.9 million from prudential borrowing and £21.7 million from developers
- The London Borough of Barnet has added £70.87 million to its government funding for school places.
- One council has added £125 million to its government funding for school places, with additional funding from capital receipts, prudential borrowing, developers, diverting capital from other capital programmes and from the revenue account
- One local authority in the north has added £81.5 million to its government funding for school places
"The scale of this black hole is such that the cost of the creation of new school places cannot be met by council taxpayers. The underfunding of free school meals pales in comparison to this but both show that Government's rhetoric must be matched by its chequebook rather than leaving local authorities to pick up the tab. The lack of school places is no longer confined to primary schools but is spreading to secondary schools, and across the country we estimate more than 200,000 places will be needed.
"Councils face a challenge to create places on time and in the right areas, in a climate where they are also short of money to do so. Additionally, much of the decision making about new school places rests in the hands of the Government, whose funding for school places came too late. As a consequence, councils are carrying a billion pounds worth of costs which has come from other areas. The Government should budget for enough money to ensure something as vitally important as providing school places is not funded from other areas. This is an investment in the future which will benefit us all."
The LGA is also calling for: councils to be given a single capital pot, with an indicative five-year allocation to mirror the next parliament, to enable councils to plan creating school places effectively; councils to be given the powers to create new schools and work locally to find the best academy provider, if this is the preferred choice, and to be given a greater role in judging and approving free school proposals.
In December the Government committed £2.35 billion to provide places up to 2017, but local authorities still face problems because there is not enough money to fund them or not enough space available to build. Government figures estimate the cost of providing a single place is £15,430.
As well as having to pay for new school places, councils have to pick up the cost of additional work, such as removal of asbestos, when the Education Funding Agency pays for new buildings under the Priority Schools Building Programme, which does not cover the full cost of works. The shortfall in money provided for school places comes as the Government has pledged more than £1 billion in funding for free school meals for infant children. Last week, LGA research found capital funded from government to build kitchens was at least £25 million short.
Responding to the LGA report Christine Blower, General Secretary of the National Union of Teachers, the largest teachers' union said:
"The LGA is highlighting a problem which has been well known for some time yet has remained unaddressed. Education is a fundamental right for children and young people in this country. It is unacceptable that for some that will mean class sizes of 40, 50, 60 or even 70, and cuts to much needed facilities. Government needs to realise that urgent measures need to be taken. The free schools programme does not address the problem. It allows for schools to be set up in areas where there is not the need for additional places at tax payers' expense. It is contributing to the problem not solving it."
"Parents and the general public will be genuinely dismayed by the current situation. We need to see a return to coherently planned school provision overseen by the local authority, and there needs to be the funding in place to ensure it happens. Failure to do so will leave this Government responsible for a school place crisis, the effects of which will be far reaching and seriously detrimental to education provision in this country."